Research Article| Volume 53, ISSUE 1, P15-20, January 2005

Download started.


International collaboration for developing graduate education in China

      The rapid expansion of China's influence on the world stage underscores the significance of nursing education and practice development. From collaborative models with other universities, nursing leaders in China are moving towards development of their own models that merge the uniqueness of Eastern philosophy with elements of Western models. Qualified nurse leaders are increasingly replacing physicians as faculty while nursing comes of age in a time of change and advancing knowledge. This article describes the outcomes of 2 projects to develop graduate nursing education in China, launched by the China Medical Board within the context of early Chinese nursing education history. The 2 programs produced a total of 88 new Masters of Science in Nursing, signaling a new generation of Chinese nursing leadership and posing a model for international partnership.
      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'


      Subscribe to Nursing Outlook
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect


      1. Chang MI. Nursing in China: three perspectives. Am J Nurs 1983;83:389-95.

      2. Dirschel KM. Teaching nursing in China—an exchange program. Nurs Outlook 1981;29:722-5.

        • Chen K.
        Missionaries and the early development of nursing in China.
        Nurs History Review. 1996; 4: 129-149
        • Davis A.J.
        • Gan L.J.
        • Lin J.Y.
        • Olesen V.L.
        The young pioneers: first baccalaureate nursing students in the People's Republic of China.
        J Adv Nurs. 1992; 17: 1166-1170
        • Allison S.E.
        Anna Wolf's dream: establishment of a collegiate nursing education program.
        IMAGE. 1993; 25: 127-131
        • Xu Y.
        • Xu Z.
        • Zhang J.
        The nursing education system in the People's Republic of China : evolution, structure and reform.
        International Nurs Review. 2000; 47: 207-217
        • Roessler G.
        Nursing in the People's Republic of China.
        J Transcultural Nurs. 1997; 8: 56-58
        • Xu Y.
        • Xu Z.
        • Zhang J.
        A comparison of nursing education curriculum in China and the United States.
        J Nurs Ed. 2002; 41: 310-316
      3. China Medical Board. Available at:

      4. Sawyer W. Personal Interview. 2002.

        • Chan S.
        • Wong F.
        Development of basic nursing education in China and Hong Kong.
        J Adv Nurs. 1999; 29: 1300-1307
        • Sherwood G.
        Creating change through partnership: developing continuing education resources in rural areas.
        J Contin Ed Hlth Professions. 1995; 15: 101-106
        • Sherwood G.
        Educational outreach in a rural underserved area.
        Nurs Connections. 1994; 7: 5-15
      5. Kunaviktikul W, Editor. POHNED: a commemorative book. Chiang Mai: The Faculty of Nursing Chiang Mai University. 2001.


      Gwen Sherwood is a Professor and Executive Associate Dean at the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston School of Nursing, Houston, TX.


      Huaping Liu is an Associate Dean of Research at Peking Union Medical College, Beijing.