Research Article| Volume 53, ISSUE 2, P88-94, March 2005

Download started.


Biological researchers: Building nursing science

      Nursing science addresses the individual from a multidimensional perspective, and the questions nurses generate from their practice are often grounded in basic biology. However, concern is frequently voiced as to whether there is adequate preparation and support for biological researchers within nursing. This study reports on a survey of nurse investigators funded by the National Institutes of Health who carry out biological research. All study participants were current faculty, and 48% had post-doctoral training. The majority worked with animal models. Research areas ranged from cell and molecular biology to delivery of health care. Some participants reported tension between their work and how others view “typical” nursing research. All participants had been awarded federal research funding, primarily from the National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR), and most reported receiving small grants from other funding organizations early in their careers. Self-identified factors influencing success included mentoring, flexibility, persistence, and hard work.
      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'


      Subscribe to Nursing Outlook
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect


        • Grady P.A.
        Moving biological nursing science into the new millennium.
        Biol Res Nurs. 2000; 1: 163-164
        • Bond E.F.
        • Heitkemper M.M.
        Physiological nursing science.
        Res Nurs & Hlth. 2001; 24: 345-348
        • Perry P.A.
        • Kasper C.E.
        Building on a legacy of biological research.
        Biol Res Nurs. 1999; 1: 3
        • Burns S.D.
        • Yucha C.B.
        • Will M.E.
        The impact (factor) of biological research for nursing.
        Biol Res Nurs. 2004; 5: 157-158
        • Witek-Janusek L.
        Commentary on the importance of animal research to nursing science.
        Nurs Outlook. 2004; 52: 108-110
        • Page G.G.
        The importance of animal research to nursing science.
        Nurs Outlook. 2004; 52: 102-107
        • Fuller E.O.
        • Sigmon H.S.
        NCNR’s biological portfolio. National Center for Nursing Research, National Institutes of Health, 1988 (Un-published manuscript)
        • Cowan M.J.
        • Heinrich J.
        • Lucas M.
        • Sigmon H.S.
        • Hinshaw A.S.
        Integration of biological and nursing sciences.
        Res Nurs Hlth. 1993; 16: 3-9
        • Hinshaw A.S.
        • Sigmon H.S.
        • Lindsey A.
        Interfacing nursing and biological science.
        J Profess Nurs. 1991; 7: 264
        • Pugh J.M.
        • DeKeyser F.G.
        Use of physiological variables in nursing research.
        Image. 1995; 4: 273-276
        • Sigmon H.S.
        • Amende L.M.
        • Grady P.A.
        Development of biological studies to support biobehavioral research at the National Institute of Nursing Research.
        Image. 1996; 28: 88


      Dr. Ellen Rudy is a Senior Consultant at the National Institute of Nursing Research, Bethesda, MD and a Past Dean at the University of Pittsburgh School of Nursing, Pittsburgh, PA.


      Dr. Patricia Grady is the Director of the National Institute of Nursing Research, Bethesda, MD.