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Screening and counseling for violence against women in primary care settings

      In 2011, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) took the forward-looking step toward improving the health of women by focusing on preventive services (
      • Institute of Medicine
      Clinical Preventive Services for Women: Closing the Gaps.
      ). Although prevention has been an emphasis of U.S. health care, it is clear that all areas are not adequately addressed and that some diseases or conditions disproportionately affect women, specifically in terms of incidence, outcomes, and treatment. Interpersonal violence and domestic violence (DV) disproportionately affect women both in incidence and in the burden of health-related consequences (
      • Archer J.
      Sex differences in aggression between heterosexual partners: a meta-analytic review.
      ;
      • Black M.C.
      • Basile K.C.
      • Breiding M.J.
      • Smith S.G.
      • Walters M.L.
      • Merrick M.T.
      • Stevens M.R.
      • et al.
      The National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS): 2010 Summary Report.
      ;
      • Black M.C.
      • Breiding M.J.
      Adverse health conditions and health risk behaviors associated with intimate partner violence—United States, 2005. MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.
      ). Recommendation 5.7 states that health care providers should screen and counsel all women for interpersonal violence and DV.
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