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Retention of faculty of color in academic nursing

Published:December 07, 2016DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.outlook.2016.11.003

      Highlights

      • Faculty of color (FOC) in nursing have poor retention rates.
      • Few studies have explored the experience of FOC in academic nursing.
      • Administrative leadership is crucial to change current FOC retention concerns.
      • FOC retention relies on mentoring, organizational climate, and workplace parity.

      Abstract

      Background

      Racial and ethnic diversity among nursing faculty is low, preventing schools of nursing (SON) from reflecting the populations that they serve academically and clinically. Few studies address the experience and success of faculty of color (FOC) in nursing.

      Purpose

      The purpose of this article is to summarize the current literature related to FOC retention and promotion.

      Methods

      We reviewed 25 articles from the nursing literature following PRISMA guidelines, using a critical race theory framework.

      Discussion

      We describe barriers and promoters to retention, benefits of retaining FOC, and proposed solutions to FOC attrition. We also highlight polices by several SON that netted increased retention and promotion of nursing FOC.

      Conclusion

      FOC meet substantial challenges that influence their career pathway. SON can improve faculty retention through focused efforts on improving the institutional culture to promote an inclusive environment.

      Keywords

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