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Assessing and addressing cardiovascular risk in young women

      Over the past 2 decades there has been an increase in cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality for young women aged 35 to 54 years that corresponds with an increase in CVD risk factors. Yet, both young women and their providers underestimate CVD risk. Expert recommendations to provide patient education on CVD prevention and consider CVD risk factors in women have failed to detail the unique considerations in young women. The American Academy of Nursing (Academy) supports (a) increasing National Institutes of Health (NIH) funding for both basic research and clinical trials that focus on CVD risk in young women; (b) amplifying health-care system quality improvement initiatives to increase clinicians' rates of practice consistent with clinical guidelines for CVD risk; (c) partnering among primary care providers and specialists in women's health and cardiovascular health to assess and manage women's CVD risk; and (d) collaborating with public health and community organizations to lead initiatives for CVD risk reduction in young women.
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