- •NP‐led PCMHs were more likely to be located in rural and primary care health professional shortage areas, serving vulnerable and medically underserved population than physician-led PCMHs.
- •NP-led PCMHs tended to be more responsive to population health needs in the areas during the recognition process, while physician-led PCMHs emphasized practice improvements through enhanced access to care and management of patient information data.
- •The cluster analysis confirmed that practices demonstrated strengths in different PCMH domains. Meeting recognition standards involves flexibility in implementation, allowing for varying degrees of emphasis on processes designed to enhance primary care.
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Conflicts of Interests: The authors declared no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.