Nurse well-being: A concept analysis


      • Definition of nurse well-being is elusive
      • Rodger's Evolutionary Method of Concept Analysis is useful
      • Individual nurse Well-being requires basic human needs to self-actualization
      • Nurse-well being is dependent on organizational support
      • Standardized definitions of well-being should guide future research and policy development



      An understanding of nurse well-being remains elusive, particularly in the current toxic health care environment. Therefore, a conceptual definition of nurse well-being is needed.


      The purpose of this paper is to report results of a concept analysis of nurse well-being.


      Rodgers’ Evolutionary Method of concept analysis was used to examine the attributes, antecedents, consequences, and related concepts of nurse well-being.


      Findings revealed varying levels of nurse well-being: individual, organizational and community. Individual attributes included happiness, satisfaction, optimism, compassion, gratitude, forgiveness, and sound body/spirit. Organizational/community attributes included teamwork, sense of mission, pride in work, and social integration. Antecedents reflected commonalities with Maslow's hierarchy of needs, ranging from basic human needs to self-actualization. Consequences included resilience, collegial relationships, continued growth and development, empowerment, purposeful work, and physical/mental health.


      Standardized definitions of individual and organizational/community nurse well-being should guide future research and policy development. Organizations must build capacity for nurses’ well-being and explore its connection to patient safety and quality outcomes.


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