- •Less than 4% of providers billed chronic care management (CCM) services, 2015-2018.
- •Increasing adoption of CCM reflects practice-level investment in team-based care.
- •NPs/PAs represented 47% of providers, but only 15% of CCM billing providers.
- •Large patient panels with high risk scores, primary care services predicted CCM use.
- •Medicare CCM policies should address NP/PA billing and scope of practice barriers.
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