AAN News & Opinion
Geospatial Linkage to Public Health Asthma OutcomeBackground: In 2003, Canada and the United States unveiled a joint strategy aimed at improving border air quality and addressing related health concerns. This proposed international, multi-disciplinary, and multi-institutional study builds upon geospatial models developed at the University of Windsor to identify and predict environmental influences on health outcomes in Detroit and Windsor.
Sleep Disturbance among Low-Income Minority TeensBackground: Sleep is particularly important for brain maturation and sleep deprivation in teens has a potent negative effect on behavior, emotion, and attention. Adolescents tend to experience more problems with sleep loss as a natural consequence of puberty, but teens from impoverished inner-city areas witness violence and experience stressors that are likely to affect sleep.
Adolescent Use of Performance Enhancing SubstancesBackground: Consumer use of performance enhancing substances (PES) is a multi-billion dollar industry, fueling public health concerns regarding use in adolescents hoping to enhance athletic performance, body appearance, or fight obesity. PES may also be used for military, sexual, and intellectual performance enhancement. PES consumption can be viewed as a healthy fitness endeavor. Healthcare providers tend to be less familiar with PES than other forms of substance abuse. PES adverse effects can include violent behavior, suicide attempts, and premature deaths.
Enhancing Diversity of Nursing Faculty Using Distance TechnologyBackground: Recruitment of faculty to colleges of nursing who represent ethnic, racial, and geographic diversity is critical to preparation of a culturally competent nursing workforce and development of nurse scientists to address issues of health disparities. The lack of doctorally-prepared faculty from minority backgrounds and rural locations prevents realization of this goal. Barriers to pursuit of PhD education are prevalent in minority and rural nurses: family obligations that preclude long commutes or relocation, requirements for full time study, need to maintain employment during doctoral study, lack of geographic access to programs with the desired research focus, and reticence to commit to loan programs to finance doctoral study in light of the faculty salary levels that commonly are less than clinical salaries.